Tuesday, May 19, 2020

A. P. J Abdul Kalam | Biography 

A. P. J Abdul Kalam biography, abdul kalam biography, biography of abdul kalam, abdul kalam,

Full name: Avul Pakir Zainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

Born: 15 October 1931, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu

Death: 27 July 20 15, Shillong, Meghalaya

Post / Function: 11th President of India

Achievements of A. P. J abdul Kalam

As a scientist and engineer, he worked on several important projects of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

Dr. A. P. J Abdul Kalam was a noted Indian scientist and therefore the 11th President of India. He served in some of the most important organizations in the country (DRDO and ISRO). He also played a crucial role in 1998 Pokhran II nuclear test.

Dr. Kalam was also involved with India's space program and missile development program. For this reason he's also called 'Missile Man'.

In 2002, Kalam was elected President of India and after serving a 5-year term, he returned to teaching, writing, and public service. He was honored with several prestigious awards including Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.

Life of A. P. J Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Zainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu to a Muslim family. His mother Ashiamma was a housewife and his father Zainulabidin was a sailor.

His family's financial condition was not good, so he had to work from a young age. Kalam distributed newspaper after school to help his father financially.

During his school days, Kalam was normal in studies but always ready and willing to learn something new. He had a hunger for learning and he used to pay attention to studies for hours.

He did his schooling from Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School and then attended St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli, from where he graduated in 1954 in physics. He then moved to Madras within the year 1955 from where he studied aeronautical engineering. In the year 1960, Kalam completed his engineering studies from Madras Institute of Technology.

Carrier of A. P. J abdul Kalam

A. P. J Abdul Kalam joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist after completing his engineering studies from the Madras Institute of Technology.

Abdul Kalam started his career by designing a helicopter for the Indian Army. Kalam wasn't getting satisfaction from his work in DRDO.

Kalam was also a member of  Indian National Committee for Space Research constituted by Jawaharlal Nehru. During this point he got a chance to figure with the famous space scientist Vikram Sarabhai.

In 1969, he was transferred to Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Here he was appointed as the director of India's satellite launch vehicle project. As a result of the success of this project, India's first satellite 'Rohini' was placed in the Earth's orbit in the year 1980.

Joining ISRO was the most important turning point of Kalam's carier and when he started to work on the satellite launch vehicle project, he felt as if he was doing the same work as he thought.

He also visited NASA, a US space organization, during 1963–64. Atomic scientist Raja Ramanna, under whose supervision India conducted its first nuclear test, also invited Kalam to see the nuclear test at Pokhran in 1974.

In the seventies and eighties, Dr. Kalam became very famous in India with his works and successes and he was named among the greatest scientists of the country. His fame had grown such a lot that the Prime Minister Indra Gandhi allowed him to work on some secret projects without any approval of his cabinet.

The Government of India started the ambitious 'Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme' under Dr. Kalam. He was the Chief Executive of this project and the project has given missiles like Prithvi and Agni to the country.

From July 1992 to December 1999, Dr. Kalam was the Scientific Advisor of the Prime Minister and Secretary of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). India conducted its second nuclear test during this period and he played an important role in it. Dr. Kalam was the coordinator of the project along with R. Chidambaram.The media coverage found during this made him country's largest nuclear scientist.

In 1998Dr. Kalam along with heart physician Soma Raju developed a low-cost Coronary stent and it was named as 'Kalam-Raju Stent'.

Dr. A. P. J Abdul Kalam as a President

Dr. A. P. J Abdul Kalam as a President In view of his fame and achievements as a defense scientist, the coalition government N. D. A made him the presidential candidate in the year 2002. He defeated his rival Lakshmi Sehgal by a huge margin and was sworn in as the 11th President of India on 25th July 2002.

Dr. Kalam was the third President of the country who had been awarded the Bharat Ratna even before he became President. Earlier, Dr. Radhakrishnan and Dr. Zakir Hussain had been awarded 'Bharat Ratna' before becoming President.

During his tenure he was called the 'President of the people'. At the end of his term, he also expressed his desire for a second term, but because of lack of opinion among political parties, he abandoned the idea.

At the end of the term of 12th President Pratibha Patil, his name was once again in the discussion as the next possible President but due to lack of consensus, he abandoned the idea of ​​his candidature.

After Retirement of Dr. A. P. J Abdul Kalam

After retirement of DR. A. P. J Abdul Kalam from the post of President, Dr. Kalam was engaged in work like teaching, writing, guidance and research and was associated with visiting institutions like Indian Institute of Management, ShillongIndian Institute of Management, AhmedabadIndian Institute of Management, Indore; etc. . Apart from this, he was also a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Science Bangalore;Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Anna University, Chennai; Professor of Aerospace Engineering.

He also taught information technology at IIIT Hyderabad, Banaras Hindu University and Anna University.

Kalam always talked about the youth of the country and how to improve their future. He also started the 'What Can I Give' initiative for the youth of the country, with the aim to eliminate corruption. Considering his popularity among the youth of the country, he was nominated and received 2 times (2003 & 2004) ‘M.T.V. Youth Icon of the Year Award'.

The Hindi film 'I Am Kalam' released in 2011 is influenced by his life.

Apart from teaching, Dr. Kalam has also written several books, which are prominent in 'India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium', 'Wings of Fire: An Autobiography', 'Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India', 'Mission India'. , 'Indomitable Spirit' etc.

Awards and honors

Dr. Kalam was awarded with many awards for his work done for the country and society. About 40 universities awarded him an honorary doctorate and the Government of India honored him with the Padma Bhushan, the Padma Vibhushan and the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.

 Year Honor Organisation
 2014 Doctor of Science University of Edinburgh, UK
 2012 Doctor of Law (Honorary) Simon Fraser University
 2011 IEEE Honorary Membership IEEE
 2010 Doctor of Engineering University of Waterloo
 2009 Honorary Doctorate University of Auckland
 2009 Hoover Medal ASME Foundation, United States
 2009 International Karman von Wings Award California Institute of Technology, United States
 2008 Doctor of Engineering Nanyang University of Technology, Singapore
 2007 Charles II Medal Royal Society, UK
 2007 Honorary Doctorate of Science Wolver Hampton University, UK
 2000 Ramanujan Award Alvars Research Center, Chennai
 1998 Veer Savarkar Award Government of India
 1997 Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration Indian National Congress
 1997 Bharat Ratna Government of India
 1994 Distinguished Fellow Institute of Directors (India)
 1990 Padma Vibhushan Government of India
 1981 Padma Bhushan Government of India

Death of Dr. Abdul Kalam

On 27 July 2015, while delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, Dr. Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent heart attack at the age of 83. The funeral ceremony was held in his hometown of Rameshwaram attended by thousands, including national-level dignitaries. He was buried with full state honours.

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